Wednesday, May 4, 2011

Draft Goals, Objectives and Indicators

Surrey Sensitive Urban Infill
Community Development Visioning Project

Project Goal:

To suggest how to shape the growth of Surrey’s existing neighbourhoods towards a complete and sustainable low carbon future.

Design Objectives:

1.                   Movement and Mobility Objectives

1.          Emphasise alternative options to the car for the movement of goods and people:  walking, biking and transit.[1]
2.          Connect to major local, city wide and regional destinations by an interconnected local street and pathway system that accommodates all modes of travel, while prioritizing walking and transit over car trips.[2]
3.          Integrate land use and transportation design in order to decrease average trip length and vehicle kilometres traveled.[3]
4.          Locate commercial activities and jobs sites where they can be best accessed on foot and/or via transit.[4]

Metric 1.A: Number of pedestrian route intersections per hectare
(Evaluates the robustness of network of pedestrian routes joining diverse trip origins and destinations)
Metric 1.B: Total length of bicycle routes per square kilometre
(Measures the length of bicycle routes within a community)
Metric 1.C: Percent of dwelling units within five minute walk to commercial services and frequent transit
(Measures the walkability of neighborhoods)
Metric 1.D: Percentage reduction in transportation related GHG emissions per capita from 2007 baseline levels (in tonnes)
(Measures the relative reduction of transportation related GHG emissions from baseline year) 
Preliminary target: 80% below 2007 levels

2.                                           Green Infrastructure and Natural Systems Objectives

1.          Protect and conserve the natural environment and biodiversity such as fish bearing streams, water corridors and natural riparian systems. Protect Surrey’s groundwater and aquatic ecosystems and reduce/eliminate the negative consequences of stormwater run-off on receiving streams.[5]
2.          Enhance the existing tree canopy, including the urban forest.[6]
3.          Incorporate alternative energy sources, such as district heating systems, wherever practical.[7]
4.          Produce community designs to reduce impact from waste generated by the community. This includes minimizing, recycling and capturing heat from community liquid waste.[8]
5.          Incorporate a sustainable agricultural base and enhance local food security by maximizing the utility of the ALR, and expanding the opportunities for urban agriculture at all scales.[9]
6.          Promote active living and cultural opportunities through an interconnected network of parks, public spaces, trails, green corridors and green infrastructure.[10]
7.          Identify, protect, and make publically accessible as many views as possible – to mountains, to valleys, to riparian areas, to cultural icons.[11]
Metric 2.A: Percent reduction in building related GHG emissions per capita per year.
(Measures the impact of conservation efforts and introduction of renewable sources of energy for buildings)
Preliminary target: 80% below 2007 levels.
Metric 2.B: Percent of residents within three minute walk of natural/habitat areas
(Indicates the amount of habitat provided within a community and resident’s access to it)
Metric 2.C: Percent effective impervious area
(Identifies the extent to which community infiltrates rainfall versus generating storm-water runoff)

3.                                           Jobs and Economic Development

1.          Provide support for a full range of local employment opportunities and green businesses as well as encourage “green” building practices.[12]
2.          Protect the integrity of the City’s agricultural land reserve (ALR) and industrial land base for food production, employment and agro-business services that support the local economy.[13]
3.          Use employment land efficiently and promote the co-location or clustering of a range of appropriate business and personal services that support compact and complete employment areas while reducing the need for unnecessary car or truck trips to access these services.[14] 
4.          Strive for a balance of one local job for every employed resident in this large Surrey district.[15]
5.          Strive for a balanced tax base that provides the revenue necessary to support the City’s sustainability goals while working towards a revenue base that balances commercial and residential property taxes.[16]
Metric 3.A: Percent of dwellings within 2 km of an employment center/corridor
(Measures the degree to which a community has convenient access to jobs)
Metric 3.B: Percent of residents within 30 minutes walking/transit trip to a major employment area
(Measures the degree of access to local jobs)
Metric 3.C: Number of jobs per employable resident
(Quantifies the degree to which a community supports a vibrant local economy)
Metric 3.D: Simpson’s Diversity Index of Employment types
(Indicates the mix of employment opportunities within a community)

4.                                           Community Design Objectives

1.          Embrace a diverse culture from a broad range of ethnic, income and demographic backgrounds.[17]
2.          Promote a sense of belonging and safety through design.[18]
3.          Allow for increased density through gentle infill of a mix of affordable housing types and adaptations, appropriate to a rapidly changing ethnic, income, family type and age demographic.[19]
4.          Provide a wide range of affordable recreation, and cultural and services within walking distance. [20]
5.          Provide recreational and natural amenities within a five minute walking distance.[21] Provide a range of recreational and civic amenities within a 10 – 15 minute walking distance.[22]
6.          Provide centrally available cultural, social and health facilities that respond to the needs and interests of the City’s diverse population, including children, youth, seniors, multi-cultural groups, families, vulnerable populations and those with special needs.[23]
7.          Incorporate principles of Universal Design to ensure accessibility to all.[24]
8.          Enhance neighbourhood distinctions and sense of place through design.[25]
9.          Establish a range of gathering places within neighbourhoods, as well as at the larger district scale.[26]
10.      Incorporate beauty and high quality design, including public art, in the public realm and the built environment. Establish major arts and cultural facilities and a range of local cultural and entertainment opportunities.[27]
11.      Encourage development of high density, mixed use, compact and walkable neighbourhoods, with easy access to transportation and community facilities, while respecting the character of existing communities.[28]
Metric 4.A: Simpson’s Diversity Index for all land use categories
(Indicates the mix of land uses within a community)
Metric 4.B: Percent of dwellings within 400m of recreational areas and public amenities (including schools and community centers)
(Measures the proximity of residents to public recreation and natural areas)
Metric 4.D: Percent of developed land meeting a convenient transit threshold
(Shows the degree to which a community achieves sufficient concentration of jobs and population to support transit service)
Metric 4.E: Simpson’s Diversity Index for dwelling types
(Indicates the mix of housing types within a community)
Metric 4.F: Simpson’s Diversity Index for ethnicity
(Indicates the cultural diversity of a community)
Metric 4.G: Simpson’s Diversity Index for family types
(Indicates household type diversity within a community)

Reference Abbreviation:

Crime Reduction Strategy. 2010. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

Child and Youth Friendly – City Strategy. 2010. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

Economic Development Strategy. 2008. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

Ecosystem Management Study. 2011. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

Official Community Plan. 2010. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

Parks, Recreation and Culture Strategic Plan. 2008. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

Plan for the Social Well-Being of Surrey Residents. 2006. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

SC –
Sustainability Charter: a commitment to sustainability. 2008. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

Transportation Strategic Plan: Transportation Working for Everyone. 2008. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

WP –
Walking Plan: Creating Walkable Neighbourhoods. 2011. Surrey, British Columbia: City of Surrey.

[1] SC pg. 21; TSP pg. 47; TSP pg. 71; EDS pg. 20-21; OCP pg. 76;
[2] SC pg. 19; TSP pg. 65; OC pg. 84-85; PSW pg. 73; WP pg. 21;
[3] TSP pg. 68-77; OCP pg. 79; OCP pg. 85-86; WP pg. 21;
[4] TSP pg. 69; EDS pg. 5;
[5] SC pg. 19; TSP pg 71; EMS pg. 38; OCP pg. 95-102;
[6] SC pg. 19; EMS pg. 37; CRS pg. 23; PRCP pg. 61-63;
[7] SC pg. 19;
[8] SC pg. 19;
[9] SC pg. 20; EDS pg. 25-28; EMS pg. 41;
[10] SC pg. 21; CYF pg. 19; EMS pg. 44-45; OCP pg. 103-106; PRCP pg. 59
[11] SC pg. 19; EMS pg. 46;
[12] SC pg. 19; SC pg. 24; EDS pg. 4; OCP pg. 34-36;
[13] SC pg. 20; SC pg. 24; EDS pg. 17-18; EDS pg. 25-28; OCP 35-36;
[14] SC pg. 24; TSP pg. 65; EDS pg. 5; EDS pg. 17, 25;
[15] SC pg. 24; CRS pg. 48;
[16] SC pg. 24; OCP pg. 34;
[17] SC pg. 20; CYF pg. 30;
[18] SC pg. 20; SC pg. 21; SC pg. 23; TSP pg. 55; OCP pg. 120; CRS pg. 12; WP pg. 21;
[19] SC pg. 21; CYF pg. 23; OCP pg. 109; CRS pg. 44 -47;
[20] SC pg. 23; OCP pg. 111-112; CRS pg. 51; PRCP pg. 67;
[21] SC pg. 23;
[22] SC pg. 23;
[23] SC pg. 23; EDS pg. 15-16; CYF pg. 3; CYF pg. 34; CRS pg. 44; PSW pg. 7- 12;
[24] SC pg. 23; WP pg. 21;
[25] SC pg. 23;
[26] SC pg. 23; CYF pg. 17
[27] SC pg. 23; PRCP pg. 77;
[28] TSP pg. 77; CYF pg. 3; CYF pg. 20; OCP pg. 15; OCP pg. 23; OCP pg. 85;

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